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CR36 - Impact of Superconducting Devices on Imaging in Neuroscience

Impact of Superconducting Devices on Imaging in Neuroscience
Stefania Della Penna, Vittorio Pizzella and Gian Luca Romani

Department of Neuroscience and Imaging,
and Institute of Advanced Biomedical Technologies,
University of Chieti, Italy

E-mail: [email protected]

Abstract - This paper provides an overview on the basic principle and applications of magneto-encephalography, which requires the use of many SQUID channels and thus represents one of the more important application of superconducting electronic devices. This paper is divided into 8 sections. Section 1 is an overview of the MEG technique. Section 2 provides a short historical background on the method. Section 3 explains how the magnetic fields measured by MEG are generated and which are the mathematical models for such sources. Section 4 rapidly explains which are the requirements of a MEG system. Section 5 presents and discusses the new trend in superconducting instrumentation for imaging, that is the Ultra Low Field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance/ Magnetic Resonance Imaging (ULF NMR/MRI); of note, this technique can be integrated with MEG to improve overall usefulness of magnetoencephalography. Section 6 provides some examples of standard MEG measurements and discusses MEG integration with fMRI. Section 7 presents some recent results on new applications of MEG, increasing the value of this method. Section 8 is a critical summary of the method state of the art and its perspectives.

Keywords – biomedical imaging, SQUID, magnetoencephalography, MRI, ultra-low field MRI, fMRI, imaging multimodal integration

Received October 24, 2013; accepted October 29, 2013.  Reference No. CR38; Category 4.
This manuscript was published by Superconductor Science & Technology (SuST, IOP) 27, No. 4, 044004, (2014).