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ST161 - Phase Transformations During the Reaction Heat Treatment of Nb3Sn Superconductors

Phase Transformations During the Reaction Heat Treatment of Nb3Sn Superconductors

C. Scheuerlein1, M. Di Michiel2, L. Thilly3, F. Buta4, X. Peng5,
E. Gregory6,  J. A. Parrell7, I. Pong1, B. Bordini1, M. Cantoni8

1European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), 1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland 
2European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), 38000 Grenoble, France
3University of Poitiers, 86962 Futuroscope, France
4University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland
5Hyper Tech Research Inc., Columbus, OH, 43210, USA
6Supergenics LLC I, Jefferson, MA, 01522, USA
7Oxford Superconducting Technology, Carteret, NJ, 07008, USA
8Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland

Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT - The evolution of Nb containing phases during the diffusion heat treatment of three different high critical current Nb3Sn strand types is compared, based on synchrotron X-ray diffraction results that have been obtained at the ID15 beam line of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF). In all strands studied, Nb3Sn formation is preceded by the formation of a Cu-Nb-Sn ternary phase, NbSn2 and Nb6Sn5. As compared to the PIT and Tube Type strand, the amount of these phases formed in the RRP strand is relatively small. In the RRP strand subelements with a fine filament structure Nb3Sn grows more quickly, thereby preventing to a large extent the formation of the other higher tin phases. 

IEEE/CSC & ESAS EUROPEAN SUPERCONDUCTIVITY NEWS FORUM (ESNF), No. 11, January 2010
Published in Journal of Physics Conf. Series (SuST234, 022032 (2010)