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Superconducting Nanowire Single-photon Detectors Overview

April 10, 2012 (HP46).  Superconductor Science and Technology (SuST, IOP) published online a free-access overview on “Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors: physics and applications” by Chandra M. Natarajan, Michael G. Tanner and Robert H. Hadfield, all three from Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland: SuST 25063001 (2012). We reproduce below the abstract of this overview.

“Single-photon detectors based on superconducting nanowires (SSPDs or SNSPDs) have rapidly emerged as a highly promising photon-counting technology for infrared wavelengths.  These devices offer high efficiency, low dark counts and excellent timing resolution. In this review, we consider the basic SNSPD operating principle and models of device behaviour. We give an overview of the evolution of SNSPD device design and the improvements in performance which have been achieved. We also evaluate device limitations and noise mechanisms. We survey practical refrigeration technologies and optical coupling schemes for SNSPDs. Finally we summarize promising application areas, ranging from quantum cryptography to remote sensing. Our goal is to capture a detailed snapshot of an emerging superconducting detector technology on the threshold of maturity.”

This free-access paper can be downloaded from